More than a dozen types of birth control exist, and their effectiveness ranges from fifty to nearly 100 percent. All those types can be grouped into hormonal and non-hormonal depending on their effects. All of them carry a specific dose of risk, and none offers 100% certainty of not getting pregnant during the intercourse.
The only way to prevent any chance of pregnancy is a permanent birth control. This involves a surgical procedure that makes it impossible for a woman to get pregnant. There is a stable birth control option for both genders. Women can opt for either tubal block or bilateral tubal ligation, and both procedures are simple and effective. Men can choose to undergo the vasectomy which sterilizes them and thus makes it impossible to fertilize the egg and make a baby.
Non-hormonal types of birth control
Very few types of non-hormonal birth control exist, and their effectiveness varies. For instance, pulling out isn’t a smart way to prevent pregnancy. Yes, it works, but it works up to a point where you make a mistake, and a tiny drop of sperm causes pregnancy. This happens to almost everyone as they become too comfortable with the success of this method.
Keeping an eye on ovulation period is another non-hormonal way to prevent pregnancy. This works well until you make a mistake and have intercourse during one of those days. If you are diligent, then it is smart to use this type of birth control. But, if you aren’t diligent, then it’s better to choose other ways that aren’t dependent on your ability to track time.
Condoms are the most popular non-hormonal option when it comes to birth control. Condoms are cheap and efficient, and you can combine it with hormonal types to decrease the chance of an unexpected pregnancy.
Most common hormonal types of birth control
A vaginal ring is inserted into the vagina, and it stays there for up to three weeks (new ring needs to be inserted every month). It releases hormones that have over 95% success in pregnancy prevention.
The hormone shot does the same thing, but it doesn’t require insertion, and thus it negates the discomfort that comes with an insert. Patches work in the same way as shots as they deliver hormones that prevent pregnancy.
The best way to ensure that you won’t get pregnant is to combine two or more birth control options. You just have to talk with a doctor and ensure that there won’t be any side-effects from those combinations.